There are multiple reasons for a sore an irritated throat, ranging from post nasal drainage, to infections, to reflux issues. Evaluation with a nasolaryngoscope (lighted telescope to view the nose and throat) by the Otolaryngologist can determine any problems within the connected system from the nose down to the throat. Proper therapy can then be initiated based on this objective test.
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Tonsils are filtering glands for infections in the back of the throat, on either side of the uvula. There are tendencies for the gland to become overcome with bacteria, and chronically become infected. This leads to chronic sore throat/infections, and may become enlarged and obstructive, leading to snoring/sleep apnea issues.
When the tonsils are more problematic than functional, a tonsillectomy is sometimes indicated. The physicians at Sonoran Ear Nose and Throat may recommend a tonsillectomy, as an outpatient procedure to relieve the patient of recurrent infections and obstructive tonsils.
Hoarseness is a common malady that has social repercussions, and occupational issues. There are multiple causes to this, ranging from allergies/post nasal drainage, to intrinsic vocal cord masses or dysfunction. The physicians at Sonoran Ear Nose and Throat have the ability to appropriately diagnose organic vocal cord disease versus functional problems with use of a nasolaryngoscope. There are a multitude of medical regimens to consider, in addition to surgical intervention of the vocal cords. These include:
- Suspended Direct Microlaryngoscopy with Biopsy – This is a procedure performed under general anesthesia to visualize the voice box and surrounding structures to biopsy any lesions of concern to the Otolaryngologist. This is an important step if the concern is a malignancy in the throat.
- Vocal Cord Medialization – Vocal cord paralysis, weakness, or bowing/laxity are issues of different causes, that lead to breathy voices, and breathlessness and fatigue. A procedure that utilizes injections to push the vocal cord to a more correct midline position can strengthen the voice.
Dysphagia is the formal term for problematic swallowing. This may be due to either obstructive or physiologic issues that can be initially evaluated by your Otolaryngologist with a nasolaryngoscope. There are multiple objective tests beyond this to consider, with both medical and surgical options to review.